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Title: Russian-Talyshi dictionary. A-Z (60000 words and word combinations)
Written By: Farmoni Fakhraddin Aboszoda
Series Title: Languages of the World /Dictionaries 46

The Talyshi language (Tolyshi zyvon; Tolyshi) is one of the languages
belonging to the North-Western group of the Iranian languages, and is spread
in the region of the same name on the South-Western shore of the Caspian
Sea, by both sides of the Iranian-Azerbaijani border. The number of the
Talysh population in both countries constitutes 2-2,5 million people according
to the unofficial figures.

The Talyshi language is customary subdivided into three major dialects,
which have significant distinctions between each other: Northern (which is
mostly spoken in the Azerbaijani Talysh), Central and Southern (both used in
the Iranian Talysh). This dictionary is based on the vocabulary of the
Northern dialect. The Talyshi language is strongly influenced by the Azeri-
Turkic (in the north of Talysh and in central mountain regions), as well as
Farsi and Gilaki (in the southern part). The absence of education and
broadcasting in the Talyshi language has a negative impact on the level of
language proficiency. The Talyshi language is primarily the language of basic
social interactions, and it is gradually losing its dominant role pressured by
the official languages.

The Talyshi language is characterized by the use of both nominative and
ergative constructions. Among the peculiarities of consonantism in the
Talyshi language one can point out the transition of unvoiced obstruent
sounds, following the hollow sounds, into voiced sounds, which creates a
double pronunciation, or in some cases displaces the hollow sound.

The Talyshi language preserves some phonetic features characteristic of the
Median language.

Moreover, the Talyshi language, together with the so-called Tati dialects, is
the extant dialect of the Azari language – the language of the ancient

Publication Year: 2012
Publisher: Lincom GmbH
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BibTex: View BibTex record
Linguistic Field(s): Typology
Indo-Aryan Linguistics
Subject Language(s): Russian
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Format: Paperback
ISBN-13: 9783862882984
Pages: 604
Prices: Europe EURO 189