"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
This is the first edited volume dedicated specifically to interlanguage request
modification. It is a collection of empirical studies carried out by an
international array of scholars which provides insights for researchers,
graduate students and language teachers on patterns of interlanguage
request modification in a range of research contexts and linguistic/cultural
settings. The research in this volume takes the reader from a consideration of
interlanguage request modification in naturally-occurring e-mail data, through
to elicited data from e-DCT questionnaires on cyber-consultations, to the
interactive oral discourse of requests in open role-plays. As a whole, the
contributions incorporate research with learners from a range of proficiency
levels and from diverse linguistic/cultural backgrounds while the chapters
individually examine developmental aspects of interlanguage request
modification, requests in electronic contexts, comparative learner/native
speaker requests, and instructional effects on mitigation. The book will
undoubtedly become an important reference for researchers and teachers not
only in the field of pragmatics but also in second language acquisition,
language teaching, (socio-)linguistics and discourse analysis.