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It's Been Said Before

By Orin Hargraves

It's Been Said Before "examines why certain phrases become clichés and why they should be avoided -- or why they still have life left in them."

New from Cambridge University Press!


Sounds Fascinating

By J. C. Wells

How do you pronounce biopic, synod, and Breughel? - and why? Do our cake and archaic sound the same? Where does the stress go in stalagmite? What's odd about the word epergne? As a finale, the author writes a letter to his 16-year-old self.

Book Information


Title: Modality and Theory of Mind Elements across Languages
Edited By: Werner Abraham
Elisabeth Leiss
Series Title: Trends in Linguistics. Studies and Monographs [TiLSM] 243

Modality is the way a speaker modifies her declaratives and other speech
acts to optimally assess the common ground of knowledge and belief of the
addressee with the aim to optimally achieve understanding and an assessment
of relevant information exchange.

In languages such as German (and other Germanic languages outside of
English), this may happen in covert terms. Main categories used for this
purpose are modal adverbials ("modal particles") and modal verbs. Epistemic
uses of modal verbs (like German sollen) cover evidential (reportative)
information simultaneously providing the source of the information.

Methodologically, description and explanation rest on Karl Bühler's concept
of Origo as well as Roman Jakobson's concept of shifter. Typologically,
East Asian languages such as Japanese pursue these semasiological
fundaments far more closely than the European languages. In particular,
Japanese has to mark the source of a statement in the declarative mode such
that the reliability may be assessed by the hearer.

The contributions in this collection provide insight into these modal

Publication Year: 2012
Publisher: De Gruyter Mouton
Review: Not available for review. If you would like to review a book on The LINGUIST List, please login to view the AFR list.
BibTex: View BibTex record
Linguistic Field(s): Pragmatics
Subject Language(s): German
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Format: Electronic
ISBN-13: 9783110271072
Pages: 460
Prices: Europe EURO 99.95
Format: Hardback
ISBN-13: 9783110270198
Pages: 460
Prices: Europe EURO 99.95