"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
Language Policy Evaluation and the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages
This book proposes an innovative treatment of minority language policies, by looking at them as policy options that can be methodically evaluated. The author applies the analytical concepts and technical tools of policy analysis to guide the reader through a step-by-step application of notions such as effectiveness and cost-effectiveness, with particular reference to the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages. The thrust of this book is deeply interdisciplinary, and links the evaluation exercise to sociolinguistic, political and legal considerations.
1 Topicality - Not all countries in Europe have signed up to the Charter as yet; it's a legislative tool with very broad implications 2 Topicality - Recent political upheaval and migration within Eastern Europe and minority nationalist movements in countries in Western Europe put language planning and protection for minority languages high up the political agenda 3 Originality - This approach quite different from other books, as it stresses concepts from economics and social policy analysis rather than concepts of law and rights 4 First major analysis of the implementation of the Charter 5 Includes the full text of Charter, commentary, Flensburg recommendations and a selection of internet resources to enable reader to use the book as a self-contained resource CONTENTS
Preface and Acknowledgements PART I: Core Issues and Concepts Introduction and Overview Language Policy PART II: The European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages The Charter: An Overview Implementing the Charter: Organisational Issues PART III: Application >From Legal Texts to 'Good Policy' Effectiveness Costs and Cost-Effectiveness Democracy A Walk-Through Example: Language Education Policy Conclusions Assessment and Perspectives Bibliography Appendices: The Text of the Charter; Explanatory Report on the Charter; The Flensburg Recommendations; Selected Internet Resources
ABOUT THE AUTHOR
FRANÇOIS GRIN is Senior Lecturer at the University of Geneva and Adjunct Director of the University of Geneva's Education Research Unit. He has served as the Deputy Director of the European Centre for Minority Issues in Germany and taught in Canada and in the United States. He is the author of numerous publications in language and education policy evaluation.