"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
Standard Languages and Multilingualism in European History
This volume explores the roots of Europe's struggle with multilingualism. It
argues that, over the centuries, the pursuit of linguistic homogeneity has
become a central aspect of the mindset of Europeans. In its extreme form, it
became manifest in the principle of 'one language, one state, one people'.
Consequently, multilingualism came to be viewed as an undesirable aberration.
The authors of this volume approach the relationship between standard
languages and multilingualism from a historical, cross-European perspective.
They provide a comprehensive overview of the emergence of a standard
language ideology and its intricate relationship with matters of ethnicity,
territorial unity and social mobility. They explain for different European language
areas in what ways the emergence of standard languages had an impact on
multilingual policies and practices. Its comparative approach makes this volume
an important resource for linguists, researchers from different philologies and