"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
"The Phonology of Contrast" argues that contrast is one of the central
organizing principles of the grammar and provides a formal theory of contrast
couched in the framework of Optimality Theory (Prince & Smolensky
1993/2004). The study of the role of contrast is a growing area of interest in
linguistics and this monograph contributes to the debate on where contrast fits
in the grammar. The key finding is that contrast exists as an independent
principle in the grammar, which in the framework of Optimality Theory can be
formulated as a family of rankable and violable constraints. A formal proposal of
contrast is developed called Contrast Preservation Theory. This proposal is
illustrated and supported with diverse contrast phenomena in the areas of
phonology and at the phonology-morphology interface. Evidence is drawn from a
number of languages including Finnish, Arabic, and Polish. Predictions of the
proposal are discussed and compared with alternatives.