"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
In discourse, verbal messages are framed: speakers offer cues on the basis of which hearers are able to anchor the verbal message to the context. Furthermore, speakers cannot contribute to the discourse without at the same time showing their view on the subject matter of the discourse: the content of a discourse is necessarily ‘displayed’ from a certain perspective. Both the framing and perspectivising of verbal messages are not static, but subject to possible changes during the development of the discourse. Both concepts function at the intersection of a psychological-cognitive and a social-functional approach to discourse. In this volume, eight contributions are brought together which offer theoretical tools for describing and explaining framing and perspectivising devices in the production and comprehension of discourse, and apply them to the analysis of several types of discourse such as political satire, letters-to-the-editor, everyday narrations and newspaper reports.
Table of contents
List of contributors vii
Social-functional and cognitive approaches to discourse interpretation: The role of frame and perspective
Titus Ensink and Christoph Sauer 1–21
A multimodal perspective on composition
Theo van Leeuwen 23–61
Transformational frames: Interpretative consequences of frame shifts and frame embeddings
Titus Ensink 63–90
Reporting annual results: A single-case analysis
Geert Jacobs 91–108
Footing, framing and the format sketch: Strategies in political satire
Janet Cowper 109–145
Polyphonic constructions in everyday speech
Ursula Bredel 147–170
Ajax is the agent: Subject versus passive agent as an indicator of the journalist’s perspective in soccer reports
Louise Cornelis 171–189
Perspective in medical correspondence: English and German letters-to-the-editor
Ines-A. Busch-Lauer 191–214
Name index 215–218
Subject index 219–222