"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
This dissertation develops a purely tonal model of free stress systems exemplified by East Slavic. The author demonstrates that tonal representations and processing mechanisms can successfully account for the same scope of data as the existing analyses of free stress based on accents and similar diacritical marking. The adoption of tonal representations arguably results in simpler analyses. The difference between dominant and recessive accented suffixes is now explained as following from the different association status of the underlying high tone. It is proposed that the increased prominence of the immediately pretonic syllable
in many East Slavic dialects can be seen as resulting from the spreading of phonological tone. Next, the tonal model developed for East Slavic stress is extended to the accentuation of Proto-Indo-European athematic nouns and to length alternations in Slovak with encouraging results. Given the tonal model of free stress, it is concluded that free stress is incompatible with unpredictable tone.
This thesis will be of interest to those working in the area of Slavic linguistics, in theoretical phonology and especially to linguists interested in stress, tone and accentuation.