"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
'SALT' provides a step-by-step approach to the most useful statistical analyses for language test developers and researchers based on the programs IBM SPSS, Winsteps and Facets. Each chapter focuses on one particular type of analysis, for example, analysing how items in a test are performing or investigating the relationship between two variables. Each chapter begins with an introduction as to why this particular analysis is important for the language tester and then provides explanations about the terms and concepts which the reader will meet in the chapter.
The method for carrying out each analysis is then described in a systematic manner guiding the reader through the procedure for that particular analysis. The main aspects of the output files are then investigated and the results explained. Eleven of the book's appendices provide further opportunities for the reader to repeat many of the statistical procedures on different data sets. Questions guide the reader in checking their understanding of the statistical procedures and output tables.