"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
In response to the need for reliable results from natural language processing, this
book presents an original way of decomposing a language(s) in a microscopic
manner by means of intra/inter‑language norms and divergences, going
progressively from languages as systems to the linguistic, mathematical and
computational models, which being based on a constructive approach are
inherently traceable. Languages are described with their elements aggregating or
repelling each other to form viable interrelated micro‑systems. The abstract
model, which contrary to the current state of the art works in intension, is
exploitable for all sorts of applications where only the elements which are useful
are assembled in the micro‑systems needed to solve the problem in hand.
Numerous definitions, schemata and examples involving many languages make
the book accessible to students as well as academics and industrial researchers
looking for new theories and methodologies for representations and problem
solving wherever language and quality meet.