"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
The A/A-bar Distinction and Movement Theory in Standard Arabic
This book explores the issue of A/A-bar movement in Standard Arabic (SA) within the framework of Minimalist Program (MP). The author’s contention throughout this work is to show that A and A-bar movement have different properties. Each of the different chapters may be self-contained part. Still, the common denominator to all of them is to support the claim that A-movement is not A-bar movement.
The first chapter outlines the basic concepts underlying the Minimalist Program adopted in this book. The chapter begins with a demonstration of the problems that beset Government and Binding (GB) theory and provides an appropriate body of empirical evidence in favor of the properties of the A/A-bar positions within the framework of the MP.
Chapter two outlines some salient properties of Standard Arabic. Special attention is given to word order and Standard Arabic morphology. Some previous accounts of word order are examined to show their limitations and support the alternative analysis the author provides.
Chapter three explores in depth different types of A-bar movement such as topicalization, left dislocation, wh-movement and relative clauses. The major claim the author argues in this chapter is that all these types of movement involve a movement to a non L(lexically) related position.