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Vowel Length From Latin to Romance

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Letter Writing and Language Change

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Title: Base articulatoire arrière. Backing and Backness
Edited By: Jean Léo Léonard
Samia Naïm
URL: http://www.lincom-shop.eu/
Series Title: LINCOM Studies in Phonology 01
Description:

Phonological typology is a leading field in empirical linguistics today. It owes this privilege to a rich tradition of theoretical research on the sound patterns of language, and to a number of significant cross-linguistic comparative studies, based on databases such as UPSID, the WALS, etc. However, many domains of inquiry still await more detailed study within a typological framework, such as postvelar articulations, gesture coordination of gutturals and glottals within onsets and nuclei, emphatic articulations, the nature of breathiness and creakiness – in other words, voice quality and its sources and function in different languages. The laryngealist theory for proto-Indo-European has seldom been revisited on cross-linguistic grounds, and most consonant inventories defined nowadays as typologically creaky or breathy were until recently considered to be “glottalized” or “aspirated”. Discrete postvelar segments and/or glottalic features, although rare in European languages, do occur in a wide array of languages and language families, including Afro-Asiatic, Caucasian, Mayan, Totonacan, Altaic, Chukchi-Kamchakan, etc. Scholars such as André Martinet or Hagège & Haudricourt used to point out in their comparative or synchronic essays that languages tend towards what they called an “articulatory basis”; such as a fronting or palatal tendency, e.g. in modern Indo-European languages. This hypothesis is typically one that should be scrutinized, focusing more attention on languages that display tendencies towards a “back(ing) articulatory basis”, in order not only to examine what happens in the postvelar articulatory area and the glottis, but also to challenge feature theory – we prefer here to use postvelar instead of prevelar, in terms of continuity within the oral cavity, from the lips to the epiglottis.

This volume was originally designed as the proceedings from the Paris International Conference on Backing & Backness in Phonology (Institut Universitaire de France - Paris 3 UMR 7018 & LACITO-CNRS), may 2012. It progressively became an essay on Backness & Resonance, from a theoretical as much as from an empirical standpoint. The reader will be provided with plenty of linguistic data on a wide array of unrelated languages, critical insights on phonological backness, and a polyphony of theoretical and descriptive models, far beyond from a mere survey of data.

Publication Year: 2013
Publisher: Lincom GmbH
Review: Not available for review. If you would like to review a book on The LINGUIST List, please login to view the AFR list.
BibTex: View BibTex record
Linguistic Field(s): Linguistic Theories
Phonology
Typology
Subject Language(s): Arabic, Standard
Chukot
Maltese
Otomi, Mezquital
Tzeltal
Language Family(ies): Mayan
Indo-European
Arabic
South Arabian
Inuit
Northeastern Neo-Aramaic
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Versions:
Format: Hardback
ISBN-13: 9783862884636
Pages: 278
Prices: Europe EURO 144