"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
The development of phonological categories in children's perception of final voicing in dialects of English
Adult speech perception is characterized by perceptual integration which gives rise to trading relations: less evidence from one acoustic property can be offset by more evidence from another. This dissertation reports perceptual experiments with young children native in different dialects of English.
Identification results indicate that in perceiving final stop voicing, young children differ from adults in predominantly using either vowel duration or first formant offset frequency, rather than both. Which property children use appears to be a function of dialect background. Discrimination results suggest that integration may develop, at least for some contrasts, on the basis of learning patterns of covariation in the native language, with implications for theories of speech perception.
For more GLSA publications or to order on-line, please visit our website at http://server102.hypermart.net/glsa/index.htm.