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"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more

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What is English? And Why Should We Care?

By: Tim William Machan

To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.

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Medical Writing in Early Modern English

Edited by Irma Taavitsainen and Paivi Pahta

This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.

Book Information

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Title: The Celtic Roots of English
Edited By: Markku Filppula
Juhani Klemola
Heli Pitkänen
Series Title: Studies in Languages 37, University of Joensuu

English and the Insular Celtic languages share a troubled history of co-existence in the British Isles, spanning more than one and a half millennia. Normally, such circumstances can be expected to lead to various kinds of linguistic contact effects in both language groups involved in the contact situation. While it is generally accepted that the Celtic languages have absorbed, and continue to absorb, many influences from the neighbouring English, the opposite is not true according to the 'orthodox view'. It holds that English phonology, syntax and lexis display only a minimal amount of contact influences from the Celtic languages. This is mainly explained by the subjugated position of the Celts in the centuries following the arrival of the Germanic tribes in Britain. Apart from a number of names of localities, rivers, mountains and islands, the
Anglo-Saxons had no need, as the argument goes, to borrow words or grammar from the Celts.

Drawing on the most recent research on this question, the articles contained in this volume challenge the orthodox view from various historical and linguistic perspectives. The contributions provide new insights into both the historical background to the early contacts between speakers of Celtic and Germanic languages and the linguistic outcomes of these contacts in phonology, syntax and lexis. The writers represent a wide variety of expertise in the fields of the history and archaeology of
Britain, Germanic and Celtic studies, general linguistics and language contact studies.


Editors' Preface

Markku Filppula, Juhani Klemola and Heli Pitkänen: Introduction: Early contacts between English and the Celtic languages

Part I: The earliest Anglo-Saxon/British contacts: Historical and linguistic perspectives

Nicholas Higham: The Anglo-Saxon/British interface: History and ideology
Richard Coates: The significances of Celtic place-names in England
Peter Schrijver: The rise and fall of British Latin: Evidence from English and Brittonic
Hildegard L.C. Tristram: Attrition of inflections in English and Welsh

Part II: Linguistic outcomes of Medieval and Early Modern contacts

David L. White: Explaining the innovations of Middle English: What, where, and why
Andrew Breeze: Seven types of Celtic loanword
Stephen Laker: An explanation for the changes kw-, hw- > xw in the English dialects
Juhani Klemola: Periphrastic DO: Dialectal distribution and origins

Part III: The early Irish input

Patricia Ronan: Subordinating ocus 'and' in Old Irish
Erich Poppe: The 'expanded form' in Insular Celtic and English: Some historical and comparative considerations, with special emphasis on Middle
Anders Ahlqvist: Cleft sentences in Irish and other languages

Part IV: Pre-historical perspectives

Kalevi Wiik: On the origins of the Celts
Theo Vennemann: Semitic -> Celtic -> English: The transitivity of language contact

Ordering information:
Place orders to
Joensuu University Library / Publication Sales
P.O. Box 107, FIN-80101 Joensuu, Finland
Tel. +358 (0)13 251 2652
Fax +358 (0)13 251 2691
E-mail: joepub@joensuu.fi

The order form may be found at the English and Celtic in Contact home page http://www.joensuu.fi/fld/ecc/index.html

Publication Year: 2002
Publisher: Joensuu University Library
Review: Not available for review. If you would like to review a book on The LINGUIST List, please login to view the AFR list.
BibTex: View BibTex record
Linguistic Field(s): Historical Linguistics
Subject Language(s): English
Language Family(ies): Insular Celtic
Issue: All announcements sent out by The LINGUIST List are emailed to our subscribers and archived with the Library of Congress.
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Format: Paperback
ISBN: 9524581647
ISBN-13: N/A
Pages: 342
Prices: EUR 22.00