"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
Language policy is an issue of critical importance in the world today. In
this up-to-date introduction, Bernard Spolsky explores many debates at the
forefront of language policy: ideas of correctness and bad language;
bilingualism and multilingualism; language death and efforts to preserve
endangered languages; language choice as a human and civil right; and
language education policy. Through looking at the language practices,
beliefs and management of social groups from families to supra-national
organizations, he develops a theory of modern national language policy and
the major forces controlling it, such as the demands for efficient
communication, the pressure for national identity, the attractions of (and
resistance to) English as a global language, and the growing concern for
human and civil rights as they impinge on language. Two central questions
asked in this wide-ranging survey are of how to recognize language
policies, and whether or not language can be managed at all.