"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
There is widespread agreement that certain non-creole language varieties
are structurally quite different from the European languages out of which
they grew; however, until now, linguists have found difficulty in
accounting for either their genesis or their synchronic structure. This
study argues that the transmission of source languages from native to
non-native speakers led to 'partial restructuring', whereby some of the
source languages' morphosyntax was retained, but a significant number of
substrate and interlanguage features were also introduced. Comparing
languages such as African-American English, Afrikaans and Brazilian
Vernacular Portuguese, John Holm identifies the linguistic processes that
lead to partial restructuring, bringing into focus a key span on the
continuum of contact-induced language change which has not previously been
analysed. Informed by the first systematic comparison of the social and
linguistic facts in the development of these languages, this book will be
welcomed by students of contact linguistics, sociolinguistics and anthropology.