"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
Since the publication of F. R. Palmer's first edition of Mood and Modality
in 1986, when the topic of 'modality' was fairly unfamiliar, there has
been considerable interest in the subject as well as in grammatical
typology in general. Modality is concerned with mood (subjunctive etc.) and
with modal markers such as English modal verbs (can, may, must etc.) and is
treated as a single grammatical category found in most of the languages of
the world. In his investigation of this category, Palmer draws on a wealth
of examples from a wide variety of languages. He discusses in detail
familiar features in a number of mainly European languages, and also looks
at less familiar features including 'evidential' systems and the contrast
of realis/irrealis, both to be found in unrelated languages.