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"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more

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What is English? And Why Should We Care?

By: Tim William Machan

To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.

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Title: Qur’anic Stylistics
Subtitle: A Linguistic Analysis
Written By: Hussein Abdul-Raof
Series Title: Languages of the World 32

ur’anic Stylistics
A Linguistic Analysis
Hussein Abdul-Raof

Stylistic variation is the colourful manifestation of language. It is an intriguing linguistic phenomenon that can take place at different levels of language as it has been found in ur’anic genre. Stylistic shift can occur within the sentence boundary at both the micro and the macro levels. In the micro text, stylistic variation occurs at the morpheme, word, and sentence levels. However, in the macro text, stylistic change can occur at the macro textual level beyond the sentence boundary. In other words, stylistically different sentences are found at different texts far away from each other. Stylistic variation mirrors language behaviour and the manipulation of the linguistic tools and strategies available to the text producer. Stylistic variation in ur’anic Arabic occurs for a good reason and is context and co-text sensitive. Context and co-text are the linguistic habitat for stylistic shift. The surrounding grammatical, semantic, and phonetic environment has a direct impact upon the linguistic behaviour of ur’anic genre. This is due to the fact that the text unfolds in a given context of situation. Therefore, the distinctive stylistic patterns are influenced by the contextual and co-textual factors. A linguistic-stylistic exploration of sentence patterns illuminates the reader’s appreciation of the grammatical and semantic subtleties underpinning the distinct meanings of two stylistically different but structurally identical sentences. A linguistic investigation of the stylistic patterns of language also unearths the underlying signification of two stylistically distinct sentences. The present analysis attempts to provide an insight into the resourceful stylistic and linguistic strategies of Arabic. The book sharpens up the reader’s awarness of the exotic stylistic patterns that are semantically-oriented. These stylistic structures can be realized through various linguistic processes that are specific to Arabic. The resourceful mechanism can be a useful linguistic tool to achieve various communicative functions with different semantic significations. The present account of ur’anic genre explores how grammatical acceptability and semantic syntax are interrelated to stylistic variation in Arabic. This work provides an in-depth explicated analysis of stylistic variation in ur’anic genre.


Linguistic and Stylistic Expressions
Chapter One Linguistic and Textual Features of ur’anic Discourse
1.1 Introduction
1.2 ur’anic Linguistic Features
1.3 ur’anic Textual Features
Chapter Two Syntactic Changes and Stylistic Variation
2.1 Introduction
2.2 Types of Syntactic Change
2.2.1 Word Order Fixed Word Order
2.2.2 Morphological Form
2.2.3 Case Ending
2.2.4 Singular and Plural
2.2.5 Definite and Indefinite Nouns
2.2.6 Feminine and Masculine
2.2.7 Person
2.2.8 Present and Past Tense
Chapter Three Contextual and Co-Textual Factors
3.1 Introduction
3.2 Context and Lexis
3.2.1 Semantic Componential Features
3.2.2 Sentence-Final Words
3.3 Co-Text and Lexis
3.4 Phonetic Factors
Chapter Four Cohesion Network and Stylistic Shift
4.1 Introduction
4.2 Ellipsis
4.2.1 Stylistic Ellipsis Conjunctions Particles Prepositions Addition of Elements Omission of Elements
4.2.2 Grammatical Ellipsis
4.3 Substitution
Chapter Five Discourse Variation
5.1 Introduction
5.2 Grammatical Incongruity
5.3 Semantic Incongruity
5.4 Semantic Redundancy
5.5 Selectional Restrictions
5.6 Repetition
Chapter Six Motifs and Stylistic Patterns
6.1 Introduction
6.2 Motif and Stylistic Shift
Index (visit our webshop: www.lincom.at)

ISBN 3 89586 817 5. Languages of the World 32. 50pp. EUR 26.

Publication Year: 2003
Publisher: Lincom GmbH
Review: Not available for review. If you would like to review a book on The LINGUIST List, please login to view the AFR list.
BibTex: View BibTex record
Linguistic Field(s): General Linguistics
Language Documentation
Arabic Linguistics
Subject Language(s): Arabic, Standard
Issue: All announcements sent out by The LINGUIST List are emailed to our subscribers and archived with the Library of Congress.
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Format: Paperback
ISBN: 3895868175
ISBN-13: N/A
Pages: 50
Prices: EUR 26