"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
Sepecides is a non-vlah Romani dialect (Romani belonging to the New Indian
languages) spoken by several related grand families now living in
Izmir/Turkey and Volos/Greece. This formerly united group of basket weavers
split up around 1920, when exchanges of Greek/Turkish population took
place. One part of the group migrated to Turkey and settled finally in
Izmir, the others moved to Volos (Greece) and stayed there. Since then
their previously uniform Romani developed under different linguistical
conditions. Both variants are endangered in their transmission to the
younger generation by the impact of TV and school education. The Izmir
variety of Sepe…ides shows the characteristics of other non-Vlah dialects
like unshortened pronominal forms, Greek, Southern-Slavic but no Rumanian
lexems etc. under the influence of the agglutinative Turkish language it
has preserved a rich derivational morphology absent from corresponding
As Sepecides has not previously been described, the sketch will present a
survey of the entire grammatical system as well as short chapters on
phonology and syntax. One chapter will analyze the various influences of
the Turkish language on Sepe…ides and their morphological and idiomatical
implications. Investigations are based on approx. 130 hours of recorded
talks ranging from tales, songs, and biographical notes to short anecdotes
and explanations of phrases and proverbs.