"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
Discourse Approaches to Politics, Society and Culture 7
The Art of Commemoration focuses on a particular historical event that illustrates how nations define their own identities and establish mutual relations in their discourse: the Warsaw Uprising of August 1944 and its Commemoration in 1994. This Commemoration was an innovative and unique form of transnational communication because it brought together representative speakers from all parties involved. They considered the commemorated event from different perspectives: the victim (Poland), the former enemy (Germany) and the former allies (England, USA, France and other countries, as well as Russia which liberated Poland but had not supported the Uprising). A letter from the Pope added a Catholic perspective.
The ‘art of commemoration’ consists in invoking the past events from one’s own perspective while simultaneously considering the other perspectives, as well as in making sense of the past and present at the same time. This volume analyses the artful way in which the speakers coped with these complexities in a full discourse analytic reconstruction of each address.
Table of contents
1. Facing the past: The commemoration of the Warsaw Uprising on the occasion of its Fiftieth anniversary
Titus Ensink and Christoph Sauer 1
2. A discourse analytic approach to the commemorative speeches about the Warsaw Uprising
Titus Ensink and Christoph Sauer 19
3. The Messianic Warsaw: Mythological framings of political discourse in the address by Lech Wałęsa
Dariusz Galasiński 41
4. The search for acceptable perspectives: German President Roman Herzog commemorates the Warsaw Uprising
Titus Ensink and Christoph Sauer 57
5. A politician’s sociology: US Vice President Gore’s categorisation of the participants in the Warsaw Uprising
Harrie Mazeland 95
6. Framing the past: An analysis of John Major’s address
Christina Schäffner 116
7. From commemoration to self-celebration: Explorations in the interplay of discourse frames and political perspectives in the address by René Monory
Danièle Torck 141
8. How the Russians handled a problem: The Warsaw Uprising in Sergey Filatov’s address
Klaus Steinke 173
9. Merging frames: A frame analysis of the South African, Canadian, Australian and New Zealand addresses
Tom Koole 193
10. Pope John Paul II as a Polish Patriot: The Pope’s letter in commemoration of the Warsaw Uprising
Klaus Steinke 212
11. The politics of public memory: The commemoration of the Second World War in a historical and comparative perspective
Frank van Vree 223