"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
Explaining Language Structure through Systems Interaction
This book proposes a framework for describing languages through the description of relationships among lexicon, morphology, syntax, and phonology. The framework is based on the notion of formal coding means; the principle of functional transparency; the notion of functional domains; and the notion of systems interaction in the coding of functional domains. The study is based on original analyses of cross-linguistic data.
The fundamental finding of the study is that different languages may code different functional domains, which must be discovered by analyzing the formal means available in each language. The first part of the book proposes a methodology for discovering functional domains and the second part describes the properties of various functional domains.
The book presents new cross-linguistic analyses of theoretical issues including agreement; phenomena attributed to government; nominal classification; prerequisites for and implications of linear order coding; and defining characteristics of lexical categories.
The study also contributes new analyses of specific problems in individual languages.
Table of contents
1. Introduction: Theoretical and methodological foundations 1–36
2. Interaction of the lexicon with other coding means 37–56
3. Coding through linear order 57–88
4. Coding through nominal inflection 89–113
5. Interaction of phonology with other coding means 115–151
6. Agreement, or coding on other constituents 153–168
7. Interaction of nominal classification with other coding means 169–181
8. Matrix clause coding 183–210
9. Determining the function of a linguistic form: The indirectly affected argument and the external possessor 211–231
10. Systems interaction in the coding of locative predication 233–246
11. Systems interaction in the coding of reference 247–282
12. Conclusions, implications, and open questions 283–288
Index of authors 301–302
Index of languages 303–304
Index of subjects 305–307