This book represents the first coherent published work in bringing together various branches of artificial intelligence with argumentation and rhetoric, and, as such, aims to play a key role in the establishment of a new field of scholarly research. The volume not only offers in-depth assessments of existing research, but also represents a substantial advance in the state of the art, and lays out a roadmap for future work in this newly emerging cross-disciplinary field.
Computer scientists, and, in particular, Artificial Intelligence researchers, have been inspired by the notions of argumentation for as almost long as the field has existed. Scholars in the philosophy of language and reasoning, and others studying language-use in the social sciences, can trace ancient roots for models of argument that are descriptive, normative, or cognitive. With both the computational and non-computational work generating substantial fields of research, it is surprising that direct communication between the computational and non-computational sides has been relatively limited until quite recently. Though there might be any number of useful ways to identify foci for this potential interaction, this volume explores a number of places at which a concerted effort might yield rich rewards. The first is in multi-agent systems, where commitment-based models of interaction between autonomous agents offer significant advantages to agent-based systems designs, and computational models offer a means to rigorously evaluate theories of dialogue. The second is in practical reasoning, and in particular the role of supporting humans in such reasoning through the application of rich and sophisticated models of argument. The third is in law, where traditions of rhetoric and modern developments in argumentation might be expected to drive new innovation in AI & Law systems and theories. The fourth is in natural language generation, where models of rhetoric and argument structure can be put to work as operational definitions and algorithms for system design and implementation. And the fifth picks up on the importance of rhetoric across different subfields, identifying the roles that rhetorical models can play throughout AI, and considering how such application might lead to new departures for rhetoric itself.
Audience: This book is of interest to academics, researchers, PhD and graduate students in philosophy of argument, logic, informal logic, critical thinking, rhetoric, artificial intelligence, multi-agent systems, computational linguistics, natural language processing, law, cognitive science and the interdisciplinary areas between these fields.