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It's Been Said Before

By Orin Hargraves

It's Been Said Before "examines why certain phrases become clichés and why they should be avoided -- or why they still have life left in them."

New from Cambridge University Press!


Sounds Fascinating

By J. C. Wells

How do you pronounce biopic, synod, and Breughel? - and why? Do our cake and archaic sound the same? Where does the stress go in stalagmite? What's odd about the word epergne? As a finale, the author writes a letter to his 16-year-old self.

Book Information


Title: The Making of a Mixed Language
Subtitle: The case of Ma’a/Mbugu
Written By: Maarten Mous
Series Title: Creole Language Library 26

The Mbugu (or Ma'á) language (Tanzania) is one of the few genuine mixed languages, reputedly combining Bantu grammar with Cushitic vocabulary. In fact the people speak two languages: one mixed and one closely related to the Bantu language Pare. This book is the first comprehensive description of these languages. It shows that these two languages share one grammar while their lexicon is parallel. In the distant past the people shifted from a Cushitic to a Bantu language and in the process rebuilt a language of their own that expresses their separate ethnic identity in a Bantu environment. This linguistic history is explained in the context of the intricate history of the people. The discussion of the processes that were involved in the formation of Ma'a/Mbugu is extremely relevant for both creole studies and for contact linguistics in general.

Table of contents

List of Tables xi
List of Figures xiii
Acknowledgements xv
List of Abbreviations xvi
Map 1 of the relevant area of East Africa xviii
Map 2 of the Usambara area xix
1. Introduction 1–15
2. Historical and geographical background 17–50
3. Linguistic history 51–93
4. Phonology 95–110
5. The verb 111–162
6. The noun 163–174
7. Adjectives and other nominal modifiers 175–182
8. Invariables or other words 183–196
9. Notes on syntax, code-switching and texts 197–213
Notes 215–220
References 221–229
Appendix: Mbugu — English etymological lexicon 231–298
English index to the lexicon 299–318
Index 319–322

Publication Year: 2004
Publisher: John Benjamins
Review: Read the review
BibTex: View BibTex record
Linguistic Field(s): Sociolinguistics
Language Contact
Subject Language(s): Mbugu
Language Family(ies): Unclassified Central Narrow Bantu
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Format: Hardback
ISBN: 9027252483
ISBN-13: N/A
Pages: xx, 322 pp.
Prices: Europe EURO 130.00
Format: Hardback
ISBN: 1588114899
ISBN-13: 9781588114891
Pages: xx, 322 pp.
Prices: U.S. $ 176