"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
Formal Semantics: The Essential Readings is a collection of seminal papers
that have shaped the field of formal semantics in linguistics.
Introduction: Paul Portner and Barbara Partee.
1. The Proper Treatment of uantification in Ordinary English: Richard Montague.
2. A Unified Analysis of the English Bare Plural: Greg Carlson.
3. Generalized uantifiers and Natural Language: Jon Barwise and Robin Cooper.
4. The Logical Analysis of Plurals and Mass Terms: Godehard Link.
5. Assertion: Robert C. Stalnaker.
6. Scorekeeping in a Language Game: David Lewis.
7. Adverbs of uantification: David Lewis.
8. A Theory of Truth and Semantic Representation: Hans Kamp.
9. File Change Semantics and the Familiarity Theory of Definiteness: Irene
10. On the Projection Problem for Presuppositions: Irene Heim.
11. Toward a Semantic Analysis of Verb Aspect and the English
'Imperfective' Progressive: David R. Dowty.
12. The National Category of Modality: Angelika Kratzer.
13. The Algebra of Events: Emmon Bach.
14. Generalized Conjunction and Type Ambiguity: Barbara Partee and Mats Rooth.
15. Noun Phrase Interpretation and Type Shifting Principles: Barbara H. Partee.
16. Syntax and Semantics of uestions: Lauri Karttunen.
17. Type-Shifting Rules and the Semantics of Interrogatives: Jeroen
Groenendijk and Martin Stokhof.
18. On the Notion Affective in the Analysis of Negative-Polarity Items:
William A. Ladusaw.