"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
This is a book about comparison in linguistics in general, rather than 'contrastive analysis' as a distinct branch of linguistics. It addresses the question 'Does the analytical apparatus used by linguists allow comparisons to be made across languages?' Four major domains are considered in turn: derivational morphology, syntax, semantics & pragmatics, and discourse. Contributions cover a broad spectrum of linguistic disciplines, ranging from contrastive linguistics and linguistic typology to translation studies and historical linguistics.
Notes on Contributors
Introduction; D.Willems, B.Defrancq, T.Colleman & D.Noël
PART 1: SEMANTICS
Semantic Primes Within and Across Languages; C.Goddard
A Semantic Map for Imperative-Hortatives; J.van der Auwera, N.Dubrushina & V.Goussev
PART 2: SYNTAX
Basic Word Order in Formal and Functional Linguistics and the Typological Status of 'Canonical' Sentence Types; F.J.Newmeyer
Division of Labour: The Role-Semantic Function of Basic Order and Case; B.Primus
PART 3: MORPHOLOGY
Action and Agent Nouns in French and Polysemy; P.Sleeman & E.Verheugd-Daatzelaar
Deverbal Nouns and the Agentive Dimension Across Languages; F.Devos & J.Taeldeman
Deverbal Nouns in Russian: In Search of a Dividing Line; K.Paykin
PART 4: DISCOURSE
Contrastive Analysis Across Time: Issues in Historical Dialogue Analysis; A.H.Jucker
Contrastive Textlinguistics and Translation Universals; A.Chesterman
Genre and Multimodality: Expanding the Context for Comparison across Languages; J.Bateman & J.Delin