"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
Toba or Namqom is a Guaykuruan language spoken by the Toba Indians in
Argentina, Bolivia and Paraguay. The majority of these speakers (25,000) are found in the northeastern Argentine provinces of Chaco and Formosa. About 1,000 more are scattered through the adjacent Gran Chaco region of Bolivia and Paraguay. Aside from this central zone, recent immigration has led to the settlement of about 1,000 speakers in the Gran Buenos Aires area and about the same number in several cities in the province of Santa Fe. The Toba are the largest indigenous group in the northeastern region of Argentina, and the ones with the greatest influence among the Indian and the non-Indian regional population. Toba is closely related to four other languages of the Guaykuruan family: Mocovi, Pilaga, Kadiweu (Mbaya), and Abipon (extinct). This work will provide a linguistic overview of the fundamental features of the language. Toba is an OV language, but other patterns of word order are possible. A discussion of important syntactic and semantic properties of the agreement system will be provided. The sketch will also include a detailed description of the phonology and morphology as well as several short texts with interlinear translations and a glossary.