Publishing Partner: Cambridge University Press CUP Extra Wiley-Blackwell Publisher Login
amazon logo
More Info


New from Oxford University Press!

ad

The Social Origins of Language

By Daniel Dor

Presents a new theoretical framework for the origins of human language and sets key issues in language evolution in their wider context within biological and cultural evolution


New from Cambridge University Press!

ad

Preposition Placement in English: A Usage-Based Approach

By Thomas Hoffmann

This is the first study that empirically investigates preposition placement across all clause types. The study compares first-language (British English) and second-language (Kenyan English) data and will therefore appeal to readers interested in world Englishes. Over 100 authentic corpus examples are discussed in the text, which will appeal to those who want to see 'real data'


New from Brill!

ad

Free Access 4 You

Free access to several Brill linguistics journals, such as Journal of Jewish Languages, Language Dynamics and Change, and Brill’s Annual of Afroasiatic Languages and Linguistics.


Book Information

   
Sun Image

Title: True to Form
Subtitle: Rising and Falling Declaratives as Questions in English
Written By: Christine Gunlogson
Series Title: Outstanding Dissertations in Linguistics
Description:

This book is concerned with the meaning and use of two kinds of declarative
sentences:

1) It's raining?
2) It's raining.

The difference between (1) and (2) is intonational: (1) has a final
rise--indicated by the question mark--while (2) ends with a fall.

Christine Gunlogson's central claim is that the meaning and use of both
kinds of sentences must be understood in terms of the meaning of their
defining formal elements, namely declarative sentence type and rising
versus falling intonation. Gunlogson supports that claim through an
investigation of the use of declaratives as questions. On one hand,
Gunlogson demonstrates that rising and falling declaratives share an aspect
of conventional meaning attributable to their declarative form,
distinguishing them both from the corresponding polar interrogative (Is it
raining?) and constraining their use as questions. On the other hand, since
(1) and (2) constitute a minimal pair, differing only in intonation,
systematic differences in character and function between them--in
particular, the relative "naturalness" of (1) as a question compared to (2)
--must be located in the contrast between the fall and the rise.

To account for these two sets of differences, Gunlogson gives a
compositional account of rising and falling declaratives under which
declarative form expresses commitment to the propositional content of the
declarative. Rising versus falling intonation on declaratives is
responsible for attribution of the commitment to the Addressee versus the
Speaker, respectively. The result is an inherent contextual "bias"
associated with declaratives, which constitutes the crucial point of
difference with interrogatives. The compositional analysis is implemented
in the framework of context update semantics (Heim 1982 and others), using
an articulated version of the Common Ground (Stalnaker 1978) that
distinguishes the commitments of the individual discourse participants.

Restrictions on the use of declaratives as questions, as well as
differences between rising and falling declaratives as questions, are shown
to follow from this account. Gunlogson argues that neither rising nor
falling declaratives are inherently questioning--rather, the questioning
function of declaratives arises through the interaction of sentence type,
intonation, and context.

Publication Year: 2003
Publisher: Routledge (Taylor and Francis)
Review: Read the review
BibTex: View BibTex record
Linguistic Field(s): Phonology
Semantics
Syntax
Issue: All announcements sent out by The LINGUIST List are emailed to our subscribers and archived with the Library of Congress.
Click here to see the original emailed issue.

Versions:
Format: Hardback
ISBN: 0415967813
ISBN-13: N/A
Pages: 128
Prices: U.S. $ 65