"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
A Grammar Writer's Cookbook is an introduction to the issues involved in the writing and design of computational grammars, reporting on experiences and analyses within the ParGram parallel grammar development project. Using the Lexical Functional Grammar (LFG) framework, this project implemented grammars for German, French, and English to cover parallel corpora. The issue of parallelism brings into focus the need to implement analyses which are crosslinguistically valid and which therefore maximize portabilty of the grammars* analyses to other languages. Parallelism also highlights the need for a grammar design that allows grammars to be transparent to one another across different languages. For example, the French grammar writer should be able to understand the logic underlying the implementation of the German grammar. This cookbook includes a discussion of the standard range of constructions that need to be implemented in a wide-coverage grammar, and provides sample analyses for each of the three languages. In addition, it examines the theoretical and practical issues which arose in the course of grammar development and presents the implementation of new theoretical developments in LFG.