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Revitalizing Endangered Languages

Edited by Justyna Olko & Julia Sallabank

Revitalizing Endangered Languages "This guidebook provides ideas and strategies, as well as some background, to help with the effective revitalization of endangered languages. It covers a broad scope of themes including effective planning, benefits, wellbeing, economic aspects, attitudes and ideologies."

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Dissertation Information

Title: Scrambling in Persian Add Dissertation
Author: Mohammad Mahand Update Dissertation
Email: click here to access email
Institution: Allameh Tabataba’i University, Linguistics
Completed in: 2003
Linguistic Subfield(s): Syntax;
Subject Language(s): Persian, Iranian
Director(s): Seyed Miremadi
Vida Shaghaghi
Koorosh Safavi

Abstract: Scrambling is the feature of free word order languages. This syntactic movement can move arguments and adjuncts in different languages.The study of its different syntactic and pragmatic features in Persian is the aim of this dissertation.The study shows that scrambling in Persian is mainly the feature of spoken language.It has different kinds; short distance, long distance, multiple and rightward.Scrambling creats two main problems for generativisim.First, it is supposed to be an optional movement, contrary to the Economy Principle. Second, scrambling has both A and A'- movements properties.This study shows thst scrambling in Persian is not syntactically motivated and it has both A and A'- movements' properties.

Scrambling in Persian normally doesn't change analytic meaning, but it alters the information structure. It can creat new Topics in different sentences and if accompanied with focal stress, it can create contrastive foci.Scrambling is in direct relation with [+/- New] and [+/- Prominent]; two pragmatic features. It is also connected to specificity, a semantic feature of nouns.