Featured Linguist!

Jost Gippert: Our Featured Linguist!

"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more



Donate Now | Visit the Fund Drive Homepage

Amount Raised:

$34674

Still Needed:

$40326

Can anyone overtake Syntax in the Subfield Challenge ?

Grad School Challenge Leader: University of Washington


Publishing Partner: Cambridge University Press CUP Extra Publisher Login
amazon logo
More Info


New from Oxford University Press!

ad

What is English? And Why Should We Care?

By: Tim William Machan

To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.


New from Cambridge University Press!

ad

Medical Writing in Early Modern English

Edited by Irma Taavitsainen and Paivi Pahta

This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.


Academic Paper


Title: Jùu and Kamlaŋ Revisited
Author: Prang Thiengburanathum
Email: click here to access email
Institution: Payap University
Linguistic Field: Cognitive Science; Semantics; Syntax
Abstract: This paper presents the syntax and semantics of kamlaŋ and jùu in Standard Thai from a cognitive and Role and Reference Grammar perspective. Traditionally, kamlaŋ and jùu are considered to be aspect markers, which are referred to as progressive and continuous respectively (Kullavanijaya and Bisang (to appear)).

I suggest that kamlaŋ is an aspect marker, but jùu is not – not yet being fully grammaticalized to an aspect function. Rather, it is a locator pinpointing an event in space, time, or attribute. This effect is derived from its lexical verbal source meaning ‘to stay’, which semantically takes two arguments: locatum and location. Its "continuity" sense is a logical consequence of the experience of remaining at the same place through time. The notion of continuity can be understood as non-changeability. As for kamlaŋ , it has a dynamatic/constant change value deriving from its lexical noun source meaning ‘energy’. Due to their distinct lexical sources, kamlaŋ and jùu have different semantic structures which motivate their syntactic contrasts. For example, jùu can occur with adverbs of duration like as tʰáŋ kʰɨɨn ‘all night’, and tâŋnaan ‘for a long time’, but kamlaŋ cannot; whereas kamlaŋ can occur with tɕûaŋ níi ‘during’, but jùu cannot.

For Thai regarded as tenseless it has been suggested that temporal expressions are used to encode events in time. Is this sufficient? Temporal expressions situate the whole event (including all sub-events) in time with respect to the absolute locus. They modify the clause as a whole. Aspect markers encode the internal temporal contour of an event. My suggestion is that there is another layer where sub-events are connected. In addition to their aspectual functions, kamlaŋ and jùu are temporal linkers connecting sub-events where one event functions as a relative reference. Kamlaŋ encodes simultaneity between two events, while jùu encodes that one event moves toward the other. These alternate construals are motivated from their lexical sources.

The locator effect plays a crucial role in how jùu behaves. Because of this effect, jùu does not simply link events but it pools the events to form a tighter relation. This clearly shows in kamlaŋ…jùu construction where jùu pinpoints the event in progress modified by kamlaŋ in space, time, or discourse time.
Type: Individual Paper
Status: In Progress


Back
Add a new paper
Return to Academic Papers main page
Return to Directory of Linguists main page