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It's Been Said Before

By Orin Hargraves

It's Been Said Before "examines why certain phrases become clichés and why they should be avoided -- or why they still have life left in them."

New from Cambridge University Press!


Sounds Fascinating

By J. C. Wells

How do you pronounce biopic, synod, and Breughel? - and why? Do our cake and archaic sound the same? Where does the stress go in stalagmite? What's odd about the word epergne? As a finale, the author writes a letter to his 16-year-old self.

Academic Paper

Title: Onset of word form recognition in English, Welsh, and English–Welsh bilingual infants
Author: Marilyn May Vihman
Institution: University of York
Author: Guillaume Thierry
Institution: Bangor University
Author: Tamar Keren-Portnoy
Institution: University of York
Author: Jarrad Lum
Institution: Deakin University
Author: Pam Martin
Institution: University of Wales
Linguistic Field: Psycholinguistics
Abstract: Children raised in the home as English or Welsh monolinguals or English–Welsh bilinguals were tested on untrained word form recognition using both behavioral and neurophysiological procedures. Behavioral measures confirmed the onset of a familiarity effect at 11 months in English but failed to identify it in monolingual Welsh infants between 9 and 12 months. In the neurophysiological procedure the familiarity effect was detected as early as 10 months in English but did not reach significance in monolingual Welsh. Bilingual children showed word form familiarity effects by 11 months in both languages and also revealed an online time course for word recognition that combined effects found for monolingual English and Welsh. To account for the findings, accentual, grammatical, and sociolinguistic differences between English and Welsh are considered.


This article appears IN Applied Psycholinguistics Vol. 28, Issue 3.

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