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Jost Gippert: Our Featured Linguist!

"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more



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What is English? And Why Should We Care?

By: Tim William Machan

To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.


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Medical Writing in Early Modern English

Edited by Irma Taavitsainen and Paivi Pahta

This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.


Academic Paper


Title: Chinese Named Entity Recognition Using Lexicalized HMMs
Author: Guohong Fu
Email: click here to access email
Institution: Heilongjiang University
Linguistic Field: Computational Linguistics
Abstract: This paper presents a lexicalized HMM-based approach to Chinese named entity recognition (NER). To tackle the problem of unknown words, we unify unknown word identification and NER as a single tagging task on a sequence of known words. To do this, we first employ a known-word bigram-based model to segment a sentence into a sequence of known words, and then apply the uniformly lexicalized HMMs to assign each known word a proper hybrid tag that indicates its pattern in forming an entity and the category of the formed entity. Our system is able to integrate both the internal formation patterns and the surrounding contextual clues for NER under the framework of HMMs. As a result, the performance of the system can be improved without losing its efficiency in training and tagging. We have tested our system using different public corpora. The results show that lexicalized HMMs can substantially improve NER performance over standard HMMs. The results also indicate that character-based tagging (viz. the tagging based on pure single-character words) is comparable to and can even outperform the relevant known-word based tagging when a lexicalization technique is applied.
Type: Individual Paper
Status: In Progress


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