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A History of the Irish Language: From the Norman Invasion to Independence

By Aidan Doyle

This book "sets the history of the Irish language in its political and cultural context" and "makes available for the first time material that has previously been inaccessible to non-Irish speakers."


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The Cambridge Handbook of Pragmatics

Edited By Keith Allan and Kasia M. Jaszczolt

This book "fills the unquestionable need for a comprehensive and up-to-date handbook on the fast-developing field of pragmatics" and "includes contributions from many of the principal figures in a wide variety of fields of pragmatic research as well as some up-and-coming pragmatists."


Academic Paper


Title: Cross-Linguistic Influence on Brain Activation During Second Language Processing: An fMRI study
Author: Hyeonjeong Jeong
Email: click here TO access email
Institution: Tohoku University
Author: Motoaki Sugiura
Institution: Tohoku University
Author: Yuko Sassa
Institution: Tohoku University
Author: Satoru Yokoyama
Institution: Tohoku University
Author: Kaoru Horie
Institution: Tohoku University
Author: Shigeru Sato
Institution: Tohoku University
Author: Masato Taira
Institution: Nihon University 日本大学
Author: Ryuta Kawashima
Institution: Tohoku University
Linguistic Field: Language Acquisition; Neurolinguistics
Abstract: The goal of this study was to examine the effect of the linguistic distance between a first language (L1) and a second language (L2) on neural activity during second language relative to first language processing. We compared different L1–L2 pairs in which different linguistic features characterize linguistic distance. Chinese and Korean native speakers were instructed to perform sentence comprehension tasks in two L2s (English and Japanese) and their respective L1s. Activation while understanding English sentences relative to understanding sentences in L1 was greater for the Korean group than the Chinese group in the left inferior frontal gyrus, bilateral posterior superior temporal gyri, and right cerebellum. Activation while understanding Japanese sentences relative to understanding sentences in L1 was greater for the Chinese group than the Korean group in the anterior portion of the left superior temporal gyrus. The results demonstrated that the location of the L2–L1 processing-induced cortical activation varies between different L1–L2 pairs.

CUP AT LINGUIST

This article appears IN Bilingualism: Language and Cognition Vol. 10, Issue 2, which you can READ on Cambridge's site or on LINGUIST .



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