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Language Planning as a Sociolinguistic Experiment

By: Ernst Jahr

Provides richly detailed insight into the uniqueness of the Norwegian language development. Marks the 200th anniversary of the birth of the Norwegian nation following centuries of Danish rule


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Acquiring Phonology: A Cross-Generational Case-Study

By Neil Smith

The study also highlights the constructs of current linguistic theory, arguing for distinctive features and the notion 'onset' and against some of the claims of Optimality Theory and Usage-based accounts.


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Language Production and Interpretation: Linguistics meets Cognition

By Henk Zeevat

The importance of Henk Zeevat's new monograph cannot be overstated. [...] I recommend it to anyone who combines interests in language, logic, and computation [...]. David Beaver, University of Texas at Austin


Academic Paper


Title: Cross-Linguistic Influence on Brain Activation During Second Language Processing: An fMRI study
Author: HyeonjeongJeong
Email: click here to access email
Institution: Tohoku University
Author: MotoakiSugiura
Institution: Tohoku University
Author: YukoSassa
Institution: Tohoku University
Author: SatoruYokoyama
Institution: Tohoku University
Author: KaoruHorie
Institution: Tohoku University
Author: ShigeruSato
Institution: Tohoku University
Author: MasatoTaira
Institution: Nihon University 日本大学
Author: RyutaKawashima
Institution: Tohoku University
Linguistic Field: Language Acquisition; Neurolinguistics
Abstract: The goal of this study was to examine the effect of the linguistic distance between a first language (L1) and a second language (L2) on neural activity during second language relative to first language processing. We compared different L1–L2 pairs in which different linguistic features characterize linguistic distance. Chinese and Korean native speakers were instructed to perform sentence comprehension tasks in two L2s (English and Japanese) and their respective L1s. Activation while understanding English sentences relative to understanding sentences in L1 was greater for the Korean group than the Chinese group in the left inferior frontal gyrus, bilateral posterior superior temporal gyri, and right cerebellum. Activation while understanding Japanese sentences relative to understanding sentences in L1 was greater for the Chinese group than the Korean group in the anterior portion of the left superior temporal gyrus. The results demonstrated that the location of the L2–L1 processing-induced cortical activation varies between different L1–L2 pairs.

CUP at LINGUIST

This article appears in Bilingualism: Language and Cognition Vol. 10, Issue 2, which you can read on Cambridge's site or on LINGUIST .



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