Publishing Partner: Cambridge University Press CUP Extra Wiley-Blackwell Publisher Login
amazon logo
More Info


New from Oxford University Press!

ad

The Social Origins of Language

By Daniel Dor

Presents a new theoretical framework for the origins of human language and sets key issues in language evolution in their wider context within biological and cultural evolution


New from Cambridge University Press!

ad

Preposition Placement in English: A Usage-Based Approach

By Thomas Hoffmann

This is the first study that empirically investigates preposition placement across all clause types. The study compares first-language (British English) and second-language (Kenyan English) data and will therefore appeal to readers interested in world Englishes. Over 100 authentic corpus examples are discussed in the text, which will appeal to those who want to see 'real data'


New from Brill!

ad

Free Access 4 You

Free access to several Brill linguistics journals, such as Journal of Jewish Languages, Language Dynamics and Change, and Brill’s Annual of Afroasiatic Languages and Linguistics.


Academic Paper


Title: Linguistic Purism in Rapa Nui Political Discourse
Author: Miki Makihara
Email: click here to access email
Homepage: http://qcpages.qc.cuny.edu/ANTHRO/makihara/makihara.html
Institution: Queens College (CUNY)
Linguistic Field: Anthropological Linguistics; Sociolinguistics
Subject Language: Rapanui
Rapanui
Abstract: In recent years, new discourses and ideologies of language rights and endangerment have emerged in the context of rising indigenous and minority movements around the world, attracting increased political and academic attention to the changing sociolinguistic situations of ethnolinguistic minority communities. This paper provides a case study of political discourse in the bilingual, indigenous Polynesian community of Easter Island, where the local language, Rapa Nui, has in the past been marginalized and endangered by Spanish, the dominant, national language of Chile. My objective is to provide an analysis of the ideologies of language maintenance and revalorization practiced in verbal interaction and embedded in the ideologies and politics of Rapa Nui ethnic identity in a community where a large number of people are actively involved in indigenous movements. I focus on the development of purist ideology and practice and in particular the ways in which purist codes and ideas have been constructed and accommodated in relation to other codes and ideas in the communicative acts of political leaders and individual speakers. To this end, I identify and contrast two salient linguistic styles found in Rapa Nui political discourse – syncretic and purist – and relate these to the interactional and institutional contexts which inform and invite their use as discursive strategies. I show how Rapa Nui speakers have not only constructed syncretic, and more recently purist, speech styles, but also how they deploy these speech styles as linguistic registers for political ends to perform stances and voice different but complimentary sets of values – those of democratic participation and those of primordialism and ethnic boundary construction. As such this case study illustrates the ways that the users of an endangered ethnolinguistic minority language have contributed to revalorizing and maintaining their language by establishing new linguistic registers, thereby adding extra sociolinguistic meanings to speech styles and increasing the linguistic heterogeneity of their language. This contrasts with studies of language under shift and loss that have found that language tends to exhibit declining variability under the dominating influence of the spreading language.
Type: Individual Paper
Status: Completed
Publication Info: In Consequences of Contact: Language Ideologies and Sociocultural Transformations in Pacific Societies, edited by Miki Makihara and Bambi Schieffelin, pp.49–69. New York: Oxford University Press.


Back
Add a new paper
Return to Academic Papers main page
Return to Directory of Linguists main page