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A comprehensive history of slang in the English speaking world by its leading lexicographer.


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The Universal Structure of Categories: Towards a Formal Typology

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This book presents a new theory of grammatical categories - the Universal Spine Hypothesis - and reinforces generative notions of Universal Grammar while accommodating insights from linguistic typology.


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Academic Paper


Title: Language, Speech, Power
Author: Razieh Rabbani Yekta
Email: click here to access email
Linguistic Field: Discourse Analysis; Sociolinguistics
Abstract: Reflection of personality in the speech has been the subject of many pieces of research in sociolinguistics and psycholinguistics. The purpose of the present study was to show that power displayed in speech is not limited only to politicians. Instead, every person talks with some degree of power and control on his/her speech style which to a great extent is the reflection of the speakers' inner characteristics such as extroversion and introversion. Ten subjects in this study were divided into two groups: introverts and extroverts. On the basis of their scores obtained from Eyzenick Personality Test. But for the purpose of finding a relationship between power, personality type and speech style a microanalysis was conducted on the transcript taken from recording of only four participants' casual conversation. These transcripts were later on coded and segmented for the number of hedges, intensifiers and deictic expressions used per 100 utterances of each individual. The frequency of these indicators was counted and tabulated. Results indicate that males and females are different regarding the effects of their personality on their speech style. Introvert and extrovert females are more or less the same with regard to the level of power they imposed on their hearers while males' speech clearly reflects significant differences in the level of displayed power according to the degrees of extroversion they show.
Type: Individual Paper
Status: Completed


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