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"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more



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To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.


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Academic Paper


Title: Compliment Response Continuum Hypothesis
Paper URL: http://www.educ.utas.edu.au/users/tle/JOURNAL/issues/2007/21-1.pdf
Author: Giao Quynh Tran
Email: click here to access email
Institution: University of Melbourne
Linguistic Field: Language Acquisition; Pragmatics
Abstract: While there has been a large corpus of studies on how people respond to compliments and how the first language (L1) and culture influence their compliment responses (CRs) in a second language (L2) in cross-cultural communication, studies of this kind are usually based on taxonomies of compliment response (CR) strategies which seem not to be connected with each other. When studying CRs and the first linguistic and cultural influence on L2 acquisition and performance (technically known as pragmatic and discourse transfer) in CRs, I realized that existing frameworks of CR strategy categorization could not explain for all of the empirical data in my study. Therefore, I developed a new framework of CR categorization and validated it through the Intercoder Reliability Test. Unlike existing frameworks, this one consists of continua of CR strategies which are linked together. Based on this new framework, I discovered hitherto unknown patterns of pragmatic and discourse transfer which laid the foundations of a new hypothesis: the CR Continuum Hypothesis. The purposes of this article are to suggest new CR continua, to present my newly found patterns of pragmatic and discourse transfer, and to propose the CR Continuum Hypothesis. Not only can this hypothesis inform researchers, L2 teachers and learners of the transferability of various CR strategies, it can also account for crosscultural differences on the basis of universality.
Type: Individual Paper
Status: Completed
Publication Info: The International Journal of Language, Society and Culture, (21)
URL: http://www.educ.utas.edu.au/users/tle/JOURNAL/issues/2007/21-1.pdf


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