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It's Been Said Before

By Orin Hargraves

It's Been Said Before "examines why certain phrases become clichés and why they should be avoided -- or why they still have life left in them."

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Sounds Fascinating

By J. C. Wells

How do you pronounce biopic, synod, and Breughel? - and why? Do our cake and archaic sound the same? Where does the stress go in stalagmite? What's odd about the word epergne? As a finale, the author writes a letter to his 16-year-old self.

Academic Paper

Title: Fusion of functions: The syntax of once, twice and thrice
Author: John Payne
Institution: University of Manchester
Author: Rodney D. Huddleston
Institution: The University of Queensland
Author: Geoffrey K Pullum
Email: click here TO access email
Institution: University of Edinburgh
Linguistic Field: Syntax
Subject Language: English
Abstract: In this paper we present a detailed new analysis of the English expressions 'once', 'twice' and 'thrice'. These, we claim, are primarily compound determinatives, analogous in many respects to expressions like 'someone' and 'somewhere'. The new analysis exploits the framework of the Cambridge Grammar of the English Language (2002) in which the morphological nature of the compound determinative category reflects a fusion of functions, typically determiner (or modifier) and head of NP. We refine the notion of fusion of functions, and show that constructions which employ fusion of functions have properties which clearly distinguish them from superficially similar constructions which employ incorporation or hybridization. The paper therefore provides further evidence for the existence of fusion of functions as a distinct syntactic configuration, and indirectly supports theoretical frameworks which treat functions and categories as distinct primitives.


This article appears IN Journal of Linguistics Vol. 43, Issue 3.

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