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The Social Origins of Language

By Daniel Dor

Presents a new theoretical framework for the origins of human language and sets key issues in language evolution in their wider context within biological and cultural evolution


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Preposition Placement in English: A Usage-Based Approach

By Thomas Hoffmann

This is the first study that empirically investigates preposition placement across all clause types. The study compares first-language (British English) and second-language (Kenyan English) data and will therefore appeal to readers interested in world Englishes. Over 100 authentic corpus examples are discussed in the text, which will appeal to those who want to see 'real data'


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Academic Paper


Title: Modeling Word Senses with Fuzzy Clustering
Paper URL: http://wo.uio.no/as/WebObjects/theses.woa/wo/2.3.9
Author: Erik Velldal
Email: click here to access email
Institution: University of Oslo
Linguistic Field: Computational Linguistics; Language Acquisition; Semantics; Text/Corpus Linguistics
Abstract: This thesis describes a clustering approach to automatically inferring soft semantic classes and characterizing senses of a set of Norwegian nouns. The words are represented by way of their distribution in text, identified as local contexts in the form of lexical-syntactic relations. Through a shallow processing step the context features are extracted for lemmatized word forms in syntactically tagged corpora. The corresponding frequency counts of noun-context co-occurrences are weighted with a statistical association measure, and the distributional profile of a given word is represented in the form of a feature vector in a semantic space model. A hybrid approach is taken when clustering the word vectors; a bottom-up hierarchical method is used to initialize various types of fuzzy partitional clusterings. With the purpose of capturing the notion of typicality the clusters are construed as fuzzy sets, and the words are assigned varying degrees of membership with respect to the various classes. Words are assigned graded memberships in clusters on the basis of their resemblance towards a class prototype. The goal is to automatically uncover semantic classes, where the various memberships of a given word in these fuzzy clusters can be used to characterize its various senses.
Type: Individual Paper
Status: Completed
URL: http://wo.uio.no/as/WebObjects/theses.woa/wo/2.3.9


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