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"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more



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Academic Paper


Title: Auxiliary fronting in Peranakan Javanese
Author: Peter Cole
Email: click here to access email
Homepage: http://www.ling.udel.edu/pcole/cole.html
Institution: University of Delaware
Author: Yurie Hara
Email: click here to access email
Homepage: http://ling.bun.kyoto-u.ac.jp/~yhara/
Institution: Kyoto University
Author: Ngee Thai Yap
Institution: University Putra Malaysia
Linguistic Field: Syntax
Subject Language: Javanese
Abstract: Peranakan Javanese (PNJ) is a relatively undescribed variety of Javanese spoken primarily by ethnic Chinese native speakers of Javanese in the city of Semarang in Central Java (Indonesia). PNJ makes a structural distinction between auxiliaries and main verbs. Auxiliaries are unique in that they undergo optional head movement to C. Not only do single auxiliaries move to C, as in familiar languages, but sequences of two or three auxiliaries can move to C as well. Significantly, the order of the moved auxiliaries is always the same as the order in their unmoved position. The distribution of auxiliaries in PNJ is predicted if a 'tucking in' (Richards 1997) analysis of head movement similar to that of Collins (2002) is adopted. The PNJ facts are of special interest not only because they are an example of an additional language/construction that shows the distribution expected on the basis of 'tucking in', but also because PNJ provides evidence that helps to distinguish between a analysis and the 'standard' version of the analysis, in which adverbs occupy fixed positions in the clause. It is quite difficult to distinguish between these approaches empirically, so the PNJ auxiliary facts are important in this regard.

CUP at LINGUIST

This article appears in Journal of Linguistics Vol. 44, Issue 1, which you can read on Cambridge's site or on LINGUIST .



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