Publishing Partner: Cambridge University Press CUP Extra Publisher Login
amazon logo
More Info

New from Oxford University Press!


It's Been Said Before

By Orin Hargraves

It's Been Said Before "examines why certain phrases become clichés and why they should be avoided -- or why they still have life left in them."

New from Cambridge University Press!


Sounds Fascinating

By J. C. Wells

How do you pronounce biopic, synod, and Breughel? - and why? Do our cake and archaic sound the same? Where does the stress go in stalagmite? What's odd about the word epergne? As a finale, the author writes a letter to his 16-year-old self.

Academic Paper

Title: Source of modality: a reassessment
Author: Ilse Depraetere
Email: click here TO access email
Institution: Université Charles-de-Gaulle
Author: An Verhulst
Institution: Université Catholique de Louvain
Linguistic Field: Pragmatics; Semantics
Subject Language: English
Abstract: This article offers a description of the sources associated with the necessities expressed by 'have to' and 'must' in the ICE-GB corpus. It provides detailed comments on semantic and pragmatic features of the different sources, which are shown to be more diverse than has previously been claimed. The corpus analysis proves that the traditional distinction in meaning between so-called ‘objective’ 'have' to' and ‘subjective’ 'must' is not as outspoken as is assumed, and therefore results in a more accurate description of the similarities and differences in meaning between the two modal markers.


This article appears IN English Language and Linguistics Vol. 12, Issue 1.

Return to TOC.

Add a new paper
Return to Academic Papers main page
Return to Directory of Linguists main page