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"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more



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What is English? And Why Should We Care?

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To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.


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Medical Writing in Early Modern English

Edited by Irma Taavitsainen and Paivi Pahta

This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.


Academic Paper


Title: Pattern Ambiguity and its Resolution in English to Hindi Translation
Paper URL: https://nats-www.informatik.uni-hamburg.de/intern/proceedings/2005/RANLP/papers/67_chatterjee.pdf
Author: Niladri Chatterjee
Institution: Indian Institute of Technology Delhi
Author: Shailly Goyal
Email: click here to access email
Institution: Indian Institute of Technology Delhi
Author: Anjali Naithani
Linguistic Field: Computational Linguistics; Semantics; Translation
Abstract: A common belief about natural language translation is that sentences of similar structure in the source language have translations that are similar in structure in the target language too. However, with respect to English to Hindi translation, this assumption does not hold well always. At least eleven different patterns can be found in the Hindi translation of English sentences in which the main verb is "have" or any of its declensions. This poses a serious problem for designing any English to Hindi translation system. Traditionally such variations are termed as "translation divergence". Typically a study of divergence considers some standard translation pattern for a given input sentence structure. A translation is said to be a divergence if it deviates from this standard pattern. However, this is not the case with the above-mentioned sentence structures. We term this ambiguity as "pattern ambiguity". In this ongoing work we propose a rule-based scheme to resolve the ambiguity using word senses given by WordNet.
Type: Individual Paper
Status: Completed
Venue: Borovets, Bulgaria
Publication Info: In proceedings of International Conference Recent Advances in Natural Language Processing-2005
URL: https://nats-www.informatik.uni-hamburg.de/intern/proceedings/2005/RANLP/papers/67_chatterjee.pdf


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