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"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more



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Academic Paper


Title: Identifying Units in Interaction: Reactive tokens in Korean and English conversations
Paper URL: http://www.wisc.edu/english/rfyoung/YoungandLee.pdf
Author: Richard F Young
Email: click here to access email
Homepage: http://www.wisc.edu/english/rfyoung
Institution: University of Wisconsin Madison
Author: Jina Lee
Email: click here to access email
Institution: Sangmyung University
Linguistic Field: Discourse Analysis
Subject Language: English
Korean
Abstract: Reactive tokens are conversational resources by which a listener co-constructs a speaker's turn at talk. The resources that are available include the forms of the
reactive tokens themselves, their duration, and their placement by the listener in the current speaker's turn. The present paper is a contrastive study of the use
of these resources by Americans in English, and by Koreans in their native language and in English, and in it we show the ecological relationship between the resources that a language provides and their use in constructing active
listenership. Although previous research on English has found listeners use reactive tokens to pass up the opportunity for a full turn at talk, we show that,
in Korean, reactive tokens are often elicited by the current speaker and the listener is obligated to provide them. We present evidence that Korean bilinguals transfer some conversational resources from their native language when they take part in conversation in English.
Type: Individual Paper
Status: Completed
Publication Info: Journal of Sociolinguistics. Vol. 8, No. 3, 2004: 380-407.
URL: http://www.wisc.edu/english/rfyoung/YoungandLee.pdf


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