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A History of the Irish Language: From the Norman Invasion to Independence

By Aidan Doyle

This book "sets the history of the Irish language in its political and cultural context" and "makes available for the first time material that has previously been inaccessible to non-Irish speakers."


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The Cambridge Handbook of Pragmatics

Edited By Keith Allan and Kasia M. Jaszczolt

This book "fills the unquestionable need for a comprehensive and up-to-date handbook on the fast-developing field of pragmatics" and "includes contributions from many of the principal figures in a wide variety of fields of pragmatic research as well as some up-and-coming pragmatists."


Academic Paper


Title: Analogy, Frequency, and Sound Change. The case of Dutch devoicing
Author: Johan De Schryver
Institution: Hogeschool-Universiteit Brussel
Author: Anneke Neijt
Institution: Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen
Author: Pol Ghesquière
Institution: Université Catholique de Louvain
Author: Mirjam Ernestus
Institution: Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen
Linguistic Field: Phonetics
Subject Language: Dutch
Abstract: This study investigates the roles of phonetic analogy and lexical frequency in an ongoing sound change, the devoicing of fricatives in Dutch, which occurs mainly in the Netherlands and to a lesser degree in Flanders. In the experiment, Dutch and Flemish students read two variants of 98 words: the standard and a nonstandard form with the incorrect voice value of the fricative. Dutch students chose the non-standard forms with devoiced fricatives more often than Flemish students. Moreover, devoicing, though a gradual process, appeared lexically diffused, affecting first the words that are low in frequency and phonetically similar to words with voiceless fricatives.

CUP AT LINGUIST

This article appears IN Journal of Germanic Linguistics Vol. 20, Issue 2, which you can READ on Cambridge's site or on LINGUIST .



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