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Cognitive Literary Science

Edited by Michael Burke and Emily T. Troscianko

Cognitive Literary Science "Brings together researchers in cognitive-scientific fields and with literary backgrounds for a comprehensive look at cognition and literature."


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Intonation and Prosodic Structure

By Caroline Féry

Intonation and Prosodic Structure "provides a state-of-the-art survey of intonation and prosodic structure."


Academic Paper


Title: The Relationship of Parenting Stress and Child Temperament to Language Development among Economically Disadvantaged Preschoolers
Author: Melanie Noel
Institution: Memorial University
Author: Carole Peterson
Institution: Memorial University
Author: Beulah Jesso
Institution: Memorial University
Linguistic Field: Applied Linguistics; Language Acquisition; Psycholinguistics; Sociolinguistics
Abstract: Oral language skills in the preschool years are predictive of children's later reading success and literacy acquisition, and among these language skills, vocabulary and narrative ability play important roles. Children from low socioeconomic families face risks to their language development and because of threats to these skills it is important to identify factors that promote their development among high-risk groups. This preliminary study explored two potential factors that may be related to language skills in 56 low SES mother–child dyads (children aged 2 ;8 – 4  10), namely child temperament and parenting stress. Results showed that child temperament and parenting stress were related to children's oral language skills. Child temperament characteristics that would likely aid social interaction were related to narrative ability and children rated high on emotionality had poorer receptive vocabulary skills. Parenting stress was related to children's receptive and expressive vocabulary skills. Results are interpreted in terms of the possible mediating role of parent–child interactions in children's oral language skill development, and future directions for family intervention are discussed.

CUP AT LINGUIST

This article appears IN Journal of Child Language Vol. 35, Issue 4.

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