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Communication Accommodation Theory

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Academic Paper


Title: Relation of auditory attention and complex sentence comprehension in children with specific language impairment: A preliminary study
Author: James W. Montgomery
Institution: Ohio University
Author: Julia L Evans
Institution: San Diego State University
Author: Ronald B Gillam
Institution: Utah State University
Linguistic Field: Applied Linguistics; Psycholinguistics
Abstract: We investigated the relation of two dimensions of attentional functioning (sustained auditory attention and resource capacity/allocation) and complex sentence comprehension of children with specific language impairment (SLI) and a group of typically developing (TD) children matched for age. Twenty-six school-age children with SLI and 26 TD peers completed an auditory continuous performance task (ACPT, measure of sustained attention), a concurrent verbal processing-storage task (measure of resource capacity/allocation), and a picture pointing comprehension task. Correlation analyses were run to determine the association between the measures of attention and sentence comprehension. The SLI group performed more poorly than the TD group across all tasks. For the SLI group, even after removing the effects of age, ACPT score and performance on the concurrent processing-storage task still significantly correlated with complex sentence comprehension. Sustained attention also correlated with simple sentence comprehension. Neither attention variable correlated with sentence comprehension in the TD children. For children with SLI, the comprehension of complex grammar appears to involve significant use of sustained attention and resource capacity/allocation. Even simple sentence comprehension requires significant auditory vigilance. In the case of TD children, neither complex nor simple sentence comprehension appears to invoke significant attentional involvement.

CUP AT LINGUIST

This article appears IN Applied Psycholinguistics Vol. 30, Issue 1.

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