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The Acquisition of Heritage Languages

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"This work centres on the grammatical development of the heritage language and the language learning trajectory of heritage speakers, synthesizing recent experimental research."


Academic Paper


Title: The contributions of phonology, orthography, and morphology in Chinese–English biliteracy acquisition
Author: Min Wang
Institution: University of Maryland
Author: Chen Yang
Institution: University of Maryland
Author: Chenxi Cheng
Institution: University of Maryland
Linguistic Field: Morphology; Phonology; Psycholinguistics
Subject Language: Chinese, Mandarin
English
Abstract: This study investigated the concurrent contributions of phonology, orthography, and morphology to biliteracy acquisition in 78 Grade 1 Chinese–English bilingual children. Conceptually comparable measures in English and Chinese tapping phonological, orthographic, and morphological awareness were administered. Word reading skill in English and Chinese was also tested. We found that cross-language phonological and morphological transfer occurs when acquiring two different writing systems. Chinese tone and onset awareness explained a significant amount of unique variance in English real-word reading after controlling for English-related variables. Chinese onset awareness alone made a significant unique contribution to variance in English pseudoword reading. Furthermore, English compound structure awareness explained unique variance in Chinese character reading. However, we did not see a significant cross-language transfer at the orthographic level. Taken together, these results suggest that there are shared phonological and morphological processes in bilingual reading acquisition, whereas the orthographic process may be language specific.

CUP AT LINGUIST

This article appears IN Applied Psycholinguistics Vol. 30, Issue 2, which you can READ on Cambridge's site or on LINGUIST .



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