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The Social Origins of Language

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Presents a new theoretical framework for the origins of human language and sets key issues in language evolution in their wider context within biological and cultural evolution


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Preposition Placement in English: A Usage-Based Approach

By Thomas Hoffmann

This is the first study that empirically investigates preposition placement across all clause types. The study compares first-language (British English) and second-language (Kenyan English) data and will therefore appeal to readers interested in world Englishes. Over 100 authentic corpus examples are discussed in the text, which will appeal to those who want to see 'real data'


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Academic Paper


Title: An articulatory view of Kinyarwanda coronal harmony
Author: Rachel Walker
Email: click here to access email
Homepage: http://www-bcf.usc.edu/~rwalker/Walker/Home.html
Institution: University of Southern California
Author: Dani Byrd
Email: click here to access email
Homepage: http://www-rcf.usc.edu/~dbyrd/dbyrd.html
Institution: University of Southern California
Author: Fidèle Mpiranya
Institution: University of Chicago
Linguistic Field: Phonology
Subject Language: Kinyarwanda
Abstract: Coronal harmony in Kinyarwanda causes alveolar fricatives to become postalveolar preceding a postalveolar fricative within a stem. Alveolar and postalveolar stops, affricates and palatals block coronal harmony, but the flap and non-coronal consonants are reported to be transparent. Kinematic data on consonant production in Kinyarwanda were collected using electromagnetic articulography. The mean angle for the line defined by receivers placed on the tongue tip and blade was calculated over the consonant intervals. Mean angle reliably distinguished alveolar and postalveolar fricatives, with alveolars showing a lower tip relative to blade. Mean angle during transparent non-coronal consonants showed a higher tip relative to blade than in contexts without harmony, and the mean angle during transparent [m] was not significantly different than during postalveolar fricatives. This is consistent with a model where Kinyarwanda coronal harmony extends a continuous tip-blade gesture, causing it to be present during ‘transparent’ segments, but without perceptible effect.

CUP at LINGUIST

This article appears in Phonology Vol. 25, Issue 3, which you can read on Cambridge's site or on LINGUIST .



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