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"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more



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Academic Paper


Title: An articulatory view of Kinyarwanda coronal harmony
Author: Rachel Walker
Email: click here to access email
Homepage: http://www-bcf.usc.edu/~rwalker/Walker/Home.html
Institution: University of Southern California
Author: Dani Byrd
Email: click here to access email
Homepage: http://www-rcf.usc.edu/~dbyrd/dbyrd.html
Institution: University of Southern California
Author: Fidèle Mpiranya
Institution: University of Chicago
Linguistic Field: Phonology
Subject Language: Kinyarwanda
Abstract: Coronal harmony in Kinyarwanda causes alveolar fricatives to become postalveolar preceding a postalveolar fricative within a stem. Alveolar and postalveolar stops, affricates and palatals block coronal harmony, but the flap and non-coronal consonants are reported to be transparent. Kinematic data on consonant production in Kinyarwanda were collected using electromagnetic articulography. The mean angle for the line defined by receivers placed on the tongue tip and blade was calculated over the consonant intervals. Mean angle reliably distinguished alveolar and postalveolar fricatives, with alveolars showing a lower tip relative to blade. Mean angle during transparent non-coronal consonants showed a higher tip relative to blade than in contexts without harmony, and the mean angle during transparent [m] was not significantly different than during postalveolar fricatives. This is consistent with a model where Kinyarwanda coronal harmony extends a continuous tip-blade gesture, causing it to be present during ‘transparent’ segments, but without perceptible effect.

CUP at LINGUIST

This article appears in Phonology Vol. 25, Issue 3, which you can read on Cambridge's site or on LINGUIST .



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