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Evolutionary Syntax

By Ljiljana Progovac

This book "outlines novel and testable hypotheses, contains extensive examples from many different languages" and is "presented in accessible language, with more technical discussion in footnotes."


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The Making of Vernacular Singapore English

By Zhiming Bao

This book "proposes a new theory of contact-induced grammatical restructuring" and "offers a new analytical approach to New English from a formal or structural perspective."


Academic Paper


Title: Subject-verb order in spoken Arabic: Morpholexical and event-based factors
Author: Jonathan Owens
Institution: Universität Bayreuth
Author: Robin Dodsworth
Institution: North Carolina State University
Author: Trent Rockwood
Institution: University of Maryland
Linguistic Field: Morphology; Typology
Subject Language: Arabic, Standard
Portuguese
Abstract: This article explores the relationship between the global functions of variable subject-verb order and morpholexical class of subjects in the spoken Arabic of the Arabian peninsula. Using corpus-based methods, it is shown that lexical class—pronoun, pronominal, noun—definiteness, and the discourse-defined lexical specificity of a noun all correlate significantly with subject-verb or verb-subject word order. The global function of the two orders is explored using an array of measures to show that verb-subject order prototypically presents events, while subject-verb signals available referentiality. Using the quantitatively based study of Anthony Naro and Sebastiao Votre ([1999]. Discourse motivations for linguistic regularities: Verb/subject order in spoken Brazilian Portuguese. Probus 11:75–100.) on Brazilian Portuguese as a point of comparison, a typological framework is developed for understanding languages with variable subject-verb order.

CUP AT LINGUIST

This article appears IN Language Variation and Change Vol. 21, Issue 1, which you can READ on Cambridge's site or on LINGUIST .



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