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Raciolinguistics

Edited by H. Samy Alim, John R. Rickford, and Arnetha F. Ball

Raciolinguistics "Brings together a critical mass of scholars to form a new field dedicated to theorizing and analyzing language and race together."


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Sociolinguistics from the Periphery

By Sari Pietikäinen, FinlandAlexandra Jaffe, Long BeachHelen Kelly-Holmes, and Nikolas Coupland

Sociolinguistics from the Periphery "presents a fascinating book about change: shifting political, economic and cultural conditions; ephemeral, sometimes even seasonal, multilingualism; and altered imaginaries for minority and indigenous languages and their users."


Academic Paper


Title: /u/ Fronting and /t/ Aspiration in Māori and New Zealand English
Author: Margaret L. Maclagan
Institution: University of Canterbury
Author: Catherine I. Watson
Institution: University of Auckland
Author: Ray Harlow
Email: click here TO access email
Homepage: http://www.waikato.ac.nz/wfass/subjects/linguistics/ray/index.shtml
Institution: University of Waikato
Author: Jeanette King
Institution: University of Canterbury
Author: Peter J. Keegan
Email: click here TO access email
Institution: University of Auckland
Linguistic Field: Phonetics
Subject Language: English
Maori
Abstract: This article examines the relationship between the frontness of /u/ and the aspiration of /t/ in both Māori and New Zealand English (NZE). In both languages, these processes can be observed since the earliest recordings dating from the latter part of the nineteenth century. We report analyses of these developments for three groups of male speakers of Māori spanning the twentieth century. We compare the Māori analyses with analyses of related features of the speakers' English and of the English of monolingual contemporaries. The occurrence of these processes in Māori cannot be seen simply as interference from NZE as the Māori-speaking population became increasingly bilingual. We conclude that it was the arrival of English with its contrast between aspirated and unaspirated plosives, rather than direct borrowing, that was the trigger for the fronting of the hitherto stable back Māori /u/ vowel together with increased aspiration of /t/ before both /i/ and /u/.

CUP AT LINGUIST

This article appears IN Language Variation and Change Vol. 21, Issue 2.

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