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Oxford Handbook of Corpus Phonology

Edited by Jacques Durand, Ulrike Gut, and Gjert Kristoffersen

Offers the first detailed examination of corpus phonology and serves as a practical guide for researchers interested in compiling or using phonological corpora


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The Languages of the Jews: A Sociolinguistic History

By Bernard Spolsky

A vivid commentary on Jewish survival and Jewish speech communities that will be enjoyed by the general reader, and is essential reading for students and researchers interested in the study of Middle Eastern languages, Jewish studies, and sociolinguistics.


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Indo-European Linguistics

New Open Access journal on Indo-European Linguistics is now available!


Academic Paper


Title: Morphosyntax, Prosody, and Linking Elements: The Auditory Processing of German Nominal Compounds
Paper URL: http://www.mitpressjournals.org/doi/abs/10.1162/0898929042568541
Author: Dirk Koester
Email: click here to access email
Homepage: http://www.d-koester.de
Institution: Universit├Ąt Bielefeld
Author: Thomas C. Gunter
Institution: Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences
Author: Susanne Wagner
Institution: Martin-Luther-Universit├Ąt Halle-Wittenberg
Linguistic Field: Cognitive Science; Morphology; Psycholinguistics
Abstract: The morphosyntactic decomposition of German compound words and a proposed function of linking elements were examined during auditory processing using event-related brain potentials. In Experiment 1, the syntactic gender agreement was manipulated between a determiner and the initial compound constituent (the "nonhead" constituent), and between a determiner and the last constituent ("head"). Although only the head is (morpho)syntactically relevant in German, both constituents elicited a left-anterior negativity if its gender was incongruent. This strongly suggests that compounds are morphosyntactically decomposed. Experiment 2 tested the function of those linking elements which are homophonous to plural morphemes. It has been previously suggested that these indicate the number of nonhead constituents. The number agreement was manipulated for both constituents analogous to Experiment 1. Number-incongruent heads, but not nonhead constituents, elicited an N400 and a subsequent broad negativity, suggesting that linking elements are not processed as plural morphemes. Experiment 3 showed that prosodic cues (duration and fundamental frequency) are employed to differentiate between compounds and single nouns and, thereby, between linking elements and plural morphemes. Number-incongruent words elicited a broad negativity if they were produced with a single noun prosody; the same words elicited no event-related potential effect if produced with a compound prosody. A dual-route model can account for the influence of prosody on morphosyntactic processing.
Type: Individual Paper
Status: Completed
URL: http://www.mitpressjournals.org/doi/abs/10.1162/0898929042568541


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